Aujourd’hui, je ne vais pas vous fatiguer avec des termes médicaux compliqués et obscurs en anglais. Je vais seulement vous aider à vous familiariser avec les mots médicaux de base en anglais dont vous aurez besoin de connaître au cas où – Dieu vous en préserve – vous vous retrouveriez à l’hôpital dans un autre pays. Pour naviguer dans le système de santé, par exemple, au Royaume-Uni, vous aurez besoin de quelques notions de vocabulaire médical de base. Il peut également être utile de connaître suffisamment de vocabulaire en anglais pour discuter de problèmes de santé dans d’autres circonstances.
Dans cet article, je vais vous présenter 171 mots de vocabulaire médical anglais essentiels qui vous aideront à naviguer dans le monde de la santé anglophone. Que vous soyez un étudiant en médecine, un voyageur averti ou simplement une personne qui va bientôt passer son TOEIC, ces mots vous seront précieux.
Pour chaque mot je vous donne :
- Le mot (en anglais),
- sa définition, en anglais également,
- une phrase d’exemple
- et la traduction ou l’explication en français si la définition anglaise ne vous a pas suffisamment éclairé.
Découvrons ensemble ces termes médicaux fondamentaux pour vous préparer à toute éventualité médicale dans un contexte anglophone.
Meaning: Not typical or usual; deviating from normal.
Example: The results of the test were abnormal, indicating a potential health issue.
En français: Anormal
Meaning: A continuous, dull pain.
Example: She had an ache in her lower back after lifting heavy objects.
En français: Douleur
Meaning: Having a sudden onset and severe symptoms.
Example: The patient experienced acute pain in their chest and had difficulty breathing.
En français: Aigu
Meaning: Having an allergy, a hypersensitivity to a substance.
Example: He is allergic to peanuts and must avoid any food containing them.
En français: Allergique
Meaning: A hypersensitive reaction to a specific substance.
Example: Her allergy to pollen causes sneezing and itchy eyes during the spring.
En français: Allergie
Meaning: A vehicle equipped for transporting injured or sick people to a hospital.
Example: The ambulance arrived quickly to attend to the accident victims.
En français: Ambulance
Meaning: Partial or complete loss of memory.
Example: After the accident, she suffered from temporary amnesia and couldn’t recall the events.
En français: Amnésie
Meaning: The surgical removal of a limb or part of a limb.
Example: The amputation of the gangrenous toe was necessary to prevent the infection from spreading.
En français: Amputation
Meaning: A condition characterized by a deficiency of red blood cells or hemoglobin.
Example: Her fatigue and pale skin were symptoms of her anaemia.
En français: Anémie
Meaning: Having a reduced number of red blood cells or hemoglobin.
Example: The patient felt weak and dizzy due to being anaemic.
En français: Anémique
Meaning: A medical specialist responsible for administering anesthesia and monitoring patients during surgery.
Example: The anesthesiologist ensured that the patient was comfortably asleep before the surgery.
En français: Anesthésiologiste
Meaning: Medications used to treat bacterial infections.
Example: The doctor prescribed antibiotics to combat the bacterial infection.
En français: Antibiotiques
Meaning: A scheduled meeting with a healthcare professional.
Example: She had an appointment with her dentist at 2 PM.
En français: Rendez-vous
Meaning: Inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness.
Example: Osteoarthritis is a common type of arthritis that affects the joints.
En français: Arthrite
Meaning: A chronic respiratory condition characterized by wheezing and difficulty breathing, often triggered by asthma attacks.
Example: He had an asthma attack and needed to use his inhaler to relieve the symptoms.
En français: Asthme (crise)
Meaning: Microscopic organisms that can cause infections and diseases.
Example: The infection was caused by harmful bacteria.
En français: Bactéries
Meaning: A painful and potentially serious skin condition that develops from prolonged pressure on the skin.
Example: The nurse took measures to prevent bedsores in bedridden patients.
En français: Escarre
Meaning: Not cancerous or harmful; mild in nature.
Example: The tumor turned out to be benign and didn’t require aggressive treatment.
En français: Bénin
Meaning: The removal of a small sample of tissue for examination to diagnose or determine the nature of a disease.
Example: A biopsy of the skin lesion was performed to check for skin cancer.
En français: Biopsie
Meaning: A laboratory test that measures the number and types of blood cells.
Example: The blood count showed a decrease in red blood cells, indicating anemia.
En français: Numération sanguine
Meaning: A person who voluntarily donates blood to be used for medical purposes.
Example: Many people regularly donate blood to help those in need.
En français: Donneur de sang
Meaning: The force of blood against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps it around the body.
Example: High blood pressure is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
En français: Pression sanguine
Meaning: A small amount of blood collected for medical testing.
Example: The nurse took a blood sample to check for any abnormalities.
En français: Échantillon de sang
Meaning: An orthopedic device used to support or immobilize a part of the body.
Example: He wore a brace on his injured knee to help with the healing process.
En français: Attelle ou Orthèse
Meaning: A childbirth position where the baby’s buttocks or feet are positioned to exit the birth canal first.
Example: The baby was in the breech position, requiring a Cesarean section delivery.
En français: Siège
Broken bone (fracture)
Meaning: A crack or break in a bone.
Example: The X-ray confirmed that he had a fracture in his leg bone.
En français: Fracture osseuse
Meaning: A discoloration of the skin caused by blood vessels breaking under the skin.
Example: She had a bruise on her arm from bumping into the table.
En français: Contusion
Meaning: A microscopic infectious agent that can cause illness.
Example: The flu is caused by a bug that spreads easily during the winter.
En français: Virus
Meaning: Injury to the skin or tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, or radiation.
Example: She received a burn on her hand from touching a hot pan.
En français: Brûlure
Caesarean section / C-section
Meaning: A surgical procedure for delivering a baby through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus.
Example: Due to complications, she had to undergo a Caesarean section to deliver her baby.
En français: Césarienne
Meaning: A group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells.
Example: Early detection is crucial in the treatment of cancer.
En français: Cancer
Meaning: A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats heart diseases.
Example: After the heart attack, he was referred to a cardiologist for further evaluation.
En français: Cardiologue
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Meaning: Emergency procedure that combines chest compressions and rescue breaths to restore circulation and breathing.
Example: She administered CPR to the unconscious person until help arrived.
En français: Réanimation cardio-pulmonaire (Voici d’ailleurs les gestes de premiers secours de la Croix rouge)
Meaning: A rigid protective covering, often made of plaster or fiberglass, used to immobilize and support a broken bone.
Example: He wore a cast on his arm to allow his broken bone to heal.
En français: Plâtre
Meaning: A small place of worship often found in hospitals.
Example: Patients and their families can find solace in the hospital’s chapel.
En français: Chapelle
Meaning: Treatment of cancer using drugs that target and destroy cancer cells.
Example: Chemotherapy is often used in combination with other treatments for cancer.
En français: Chimiothérapie
Meaning: A contagious viral infection characterized by an itchy rash.
Example: Children are often vaccinated against chickenpox to prevent the disease.
En français: Varicelle
Meaning: Persistent or long-lasting, often referring to a medical condition.
Example: His chronic pain required ongoing medical management.
En français: Chronique
Meaning: A common viral infection of the upper respiratory tract.
Example: Rest and fluids are recommended to recover from a cold.
En français: Rhume
Meaning: A medical professional responsible for determining the cause of death in certain cases.
Example: The coroner conducted an autopsy to determine the cause of death.
En français: Médecin légiste
Meaning: A medical state of extreme severity or danger.
Example: The patient was in critical condition and required immediate surgery.
En français: État critique
Meaning: Mobility aids used to assist individuals with leg injuries or disabilities.
Example: He used crutches to get around after breaking his leg.
En français: Béquilles
Meaning: A successful treatment that eliminates a disease or condition.
Example: There is currently no cure for the common cold.
En français: Guérison
Meaning: A sac-like pocket filled with fluid or other material.
Example: The cyst was surgically removed to prevent further complications.
En français: Kyste
Meaning: Unable to hear or having a significant hearing impairment.
Example: Sign language is often used by the deaf community to communicate.
En français: Sourd
Meaning: A lack or shortage of something, often referring to essential nutrients or substances in the body.
Example: Vitamin D deficiency can lead to weakened bones.
En français: Déficit
Meaning: Lacking adequate fluid in the body.
Example: After hours of exercise, he became dehydrated and needed to drink water.
En français: Déshydraté
Meaning: A decline in cognitive function, often associated with aging.
Example: Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia that affects memory and reasoning.
En français: Démence
Meaning: A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats skin disorders.
Example: She consulted a dermatologist for her persistent skin rash.
En français: Dermatologue
Meaning: A chronic medical condition characterized by high blood sugar levels.
Example: People with diabetes need to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly.
En français: Diabète
Meaning: The identification of a medical condition based on its symptoms and test results.
Example: The doctor made a diagnosis of pneumonia based on the chest X-ray.
En français: Diagnostic
Meaning: A feeling of physical or emotional unease.
Example: The discomfort in her stomach led her to seek medical attention.
En français: Inconfort
Meaning: A pathological condition that impairs normal functioning of the body.
Example: Heart disease is a leading cause of mortality worldwide.
En français: Maladie
Meaning: A bone or joint that has been displaced from its normal position.
Example: She dislocated her shoulder while playing sports.
En français: Luxé
Meaning: A medical professional with a Doctor of Medicine degree.
Example: The doctor explained the treatment options to the patient.
En français: Médecin
Meaning: The prescribed amount and frequency of a medication.
Example: Take the medication as directed, following the recommended dosage.
En français: Posologie
Meaning: A sudden and often serious situation requiring immediate action.
Example: They rushed to the hospital’s emergency department after the accident.
En français: Urgence
Emergency Room (ER)
Meaning: A medical facility that provides immediate care for acute medical conditions.
Example: The patient was taken to the ER after experiencing chest pain.
En français: Service des urgences
Meaning: A formal assessment or evaluation of a patient’s condition.
Example: The doctor conducted a thorough physical exam of the patient.
En français: Examen
Meaning: Located on the outside or outer surface.
Example: The external wound required cleaning and bandaging.
En français: Externe
Meaning: A test result that incorrectly indicates the absence of a condition or disease when it is present.
Example: The false negative on the initial test led to further evaluation.
En français: Faux négatif
Meaning: A primary care physician who provides ongoing medical care to individuals and families.
Example: Her family doctor has been taking care of her health for many years.
En français: Médecin de famille
Meaning: Information about the health conditions and diseases that run in a person’s family.
Example: Knowing her family history helped the doctor assess her risk factors.
En français: Antécédents familiaux
Meaning: Resulting in death.
Example: The car accident had a fatal outcome for the driver.
En français: Fatal
Meaning: Elevated body temperature, often a sign of illness.
Example: A high fever accompanied her flu symptoms.
En français: Fièvre
Meaning: Having a fever or fever-like symptoms.
Example: He felt feverish and weak, so he stayed in bed.
En français: Fiévreux
Meaning: A contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses.
Example: His symptoms, including a high fever and body aches, were indicative of a severe case of the flu.
En français: Grippe (influenza)
Meaning: A break or crack in a bone.
Example: The fracture in his wrist required a cast for healing.
En français: Fracture
Meaning: Having a bone that is broken or cracked.
Example: The X-ray confirmed that he had a fractured rib.
En français: Fracturé
Meaning: A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the digestive system.
Example: If you have digestive issues, you should see a gastroenterologist.
En français: Gastro-entérologue
Meaning: Relating to genes, heredity, or inherited characteristics.
Example: Some diseases have a genetic component passed down through families.
En français: Génétique
Meaning: A microorganism, typically bacteria or viruses, that can cause disease.
Example: Washing your hands helps prevent the spread of germs.
En français: Germe
Meaning: The process of increasing in size or developing.
Example: Proper nutrition is important for the healthy growth of children.
En français: Croissance
Meaning: A medical specialist who focuses on the female reproductive system.
Example: Women should see a gynaecologist for routine check-ups.
En français: Gynécologue
Meaning: To recover from an injury or illness; to become healthy again.
Example: With time and rest, the wound will heal.
En français: Guérir
Meaning: A sudden and severe interruption of blood flow to the heart.
Example: He experienced chest pain during the heart attack.
En français: Crise cardiaque
Meaning: Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Example: HIV can be managed with antiretroviral therapy.
En français: VIH (Virus de l’immunodéficience humaine)
Meaning: Raised, itchy welts on the skin, often caused by an allergic reaction.
Example: She developed hives after eating seafood, indicating an allergy.
En français: Urticaire
Meaning: A healthcare facility where medical treatment and care are provided.
Example: The hospital has a team of dedicated healthcare professionals.
En français: Hôpital
Meaning: High blood pressure, a condition that can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.
Example: Regular exercise and a healthy diet can help manage hypertension.
En français: Hypertension artérielle
Meaning: Suffering from a physical or mental illness.
Example: She felt ill and decided to stay home from work.
En français: Malade
Meaning: A state of being physically or mentally unwell.
Example: The flu is a common illness during the winter months.
En français: Maladie
Meaning: The body’s defense mechanism against infections and diseases.
Example: A strong immune system helps protect the body from illnesses.
En français: Système immunitaire
Meaning: The process of making a person immune to a specific disease through vaccination.
Example: Childhood immunizations are essential to prevent diseases.
En français: Vaccination
Meaning: To make a person immune to a disease through vaccination.
Example: It’s important to immunize children against preventable diseases.
En français: Immuniser
Meaning: A surgical cut made into the body, typically with a scalpel.
Example: The surgeon made a small incision to access the internal organ.
En français: Incision
Meaning: Not providing a definite result or conclusion.
Example: The test results were inconclusive, requiring further evaluation.
En français: Non concluant
Meaning: A very young child, typically under the age of one year.
Example: Infants require special care and attention from their parents.
En français: Bébé
Meaning: Contaminated with a harmful microorganism, such as bacteria or viruses.
Example: The wound became infected, causing redness and swelling.
En français: Infecté
Meaning: The invasion and multiplication of harmful microorganisms in the body.
Example: Antibiotics are often prescribed to treat bacterial infections.
En français: Infection
Meaning: Red, swollen, and painful due to inflammation.
Example: The inflamed joint was a sign of arthritis.
En français: Enflammé
Meaning: Physical harm or damage to the body.
Example: She sustained an injury while playing sports and needed medical attention.
En français: Blessure
Intensive Care Unit (ICU)
Meaning: A specialized medical unit for critically ill patients requiring intensive medical care.
Example: The patient was transferred to the ICU for close monitoring.
En français: Unité de soins intensifs
Meaning: Located on the inside or within the body.
Example: The internal organs include the heart, lungs, and liver.
En français: Interne
Meaning: Having a sensation that causes a desire to scratch.
Example: The itchy rash was irritating and uncomfortable.
En français: Qui gratte
Meaning: Intravenous, a method of delivering fluids or medications directly into the bloodstream through a needle or catheter.
Example: The patient received antibiotics through an IV.
En français: Intraveineux
Meaning: A facility equipped for scientific research, experimentation, or medical testing.
Example: The lab analyzed the blood samples for abnormalities.
En français: Laboratoire
Meaning: The findings and data obtained from medical tests conducted in a laboratory.
Example: The doctor reviewed the lab results to make a diagnosis.
En français: Résultats de laboratoire
Meaning: Medical interventions and equipment that sustain vital bodily functions.
Example: The patient was placed on life support to maintain breathing and circulation.
En français: Appareil de maintien en vie
Meaning: Posing a severe risk to a person’s life.
Example: Severe allergic reactions can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
En français: Mettant la vie en danger
Meaning: Feeling dizzy or faint, often due to a drop in blood pressure.
Example: She stood up too quickly and felt light-headed.
En français: Étourdi
Meaning: Cancerous; tending to invade and harm surrounding tissues.
Example: The malignant tumor required aggressive treatment.
En français: Maligne
Meaning: A higher education institution where students train to become doctors.
Example: After completing medical school, he pursued a career in surgery.
En français: École de médecine
Meaning: A baby in the earliest stage of life, typically within the first few weeks.
Example: Newborns require frequent feedings and diaper changes.
En français: Nouveau-né
Meaning: Lacking sensation or feeling.
Example: Her fingers became numb from exposure to the cold.
En français: Engourdi
Meaning: A healthcare professional who provides patient care and assistance.
Example: The nurse administered medication and monitored the patient’s vital signs.
En français: Infirmier/infirmière
Meaning: To perform surgery on a patient.
Example: The surgeon will operate on the patient’s damaged knee.
En français: Opérer
Operating Room (OR)
Meaning: A specially equipped room where surgical procedures are performed.
Example: The surgical team prepared the operating room for the procedure.
En français: Salle d’opération
Meaning: A surgical procedure performed to treat a medical condition.
Example: The successful operation removed the tumor from her lung.
En français: Opération
Meaning: A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats eye disorders.
Example: She visited the ophthalmologist for an eye exam and new glasses.
En français: Ophtalmologiste
Meaning: A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats musculoskeletal conditions.
Example: The orthopedist recommended physical therapy for the knee injury.
En français: Orthopédiste
Meaning: A medical specialist who provides healthcare for children.
Example: The paediatrician monitors the growth and development of infants and children.
En français: Pédiatre
Meaning: Unpleasant physical or emotional sensation.
Example: He experienced severe pain in his lower back.
En français: Douleur
Meaning: Medication used to reduce or alleviate pain.
Example: She took a painkiller to relieve her headache.
En français: Antidouleur
Meaning: Unable to move or control certain muscles due to injury or illness.
Example: The accident left him paralyzed from the waist down.
En français: Paralysé
Meaning: A person receiving medical care or treatment.
Example: The patient was discharged from the hospital after recovery.
En français: Patient
Meaning: A healthcare professional who dispenses medications and provides drug information.
Example: The pharmacist explained how to take the prescribed medication.
En français: Pharmacien ou Pharmacienne
Pharmacy / drugstore
Meaning: A facility where medications and medical supplies are dispensed.
Example: She picked up her prescription at the pharmacy.
En français: Pharmacie
Meaning: A medical doctor who provides primary care and diagnoses and treats illnesses.
Example: The physician conducted a thorough examination of the patient.
En français: Médecin
Meaning: A substance that can cause harm or death when ingested, inhaled, or absorbed.
Example: If ingested, this chemical can be a deadly poison.
En français: Poison
Meaning: Capable of causing harm or death when consumed or touched.
Example: Some plants are poisonous if ingested.
En français: Toxique
Pregnancy Center / Pregnancy resource center
Meaning: A facility that provides medical care and support to pregnant women.
Example: She visited the pregnancy center for prenatal care.
En français: Centre de grossesse
Meaning: Relating to the period before birth, especially during pregnancy.
Example: Prenatal vitamins are recommended for expectant mothers.
En français: Prénatal
Meaning: To authorize the use of a specific medication or treatment.
Example: The doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection.
En français: Prescrire
Meaning: A written order from a healthcare provider for medication or treatment.
Example: She filled her prescription at the pharmacy.
En français: Ordonnance
Meaning: Energy emitted in the form of particles or electromagnetic waves.
Example: Radiation therapy is used to treat cancer.
En français: Radiation
Meaning: A treatment or solution for a medical condition or problem.
Example: Honey is a natural remedy for soothing a sore throat.
En français: Remède
Meaning: A physician or healthcare provider undergoing specialized training in a medical facility.
Example: The resident assisted the attending physician in the surgery.
En français: Résident
Meaning: A regular medical examination to assess overall health.
Example: She scheduled a routine check-up with her family doctor.
En français: Examen de routine
Meaning: The process of thoroughly cleaning and disinfecting hands and forearms before surgery.
Example: Surgeons scrub up before entering the operating room.
En français: Se laver soigneusement
Meaning: Specialized clothing worn by healthcare professionals, typically in clinical settings.
Example: Nurses often wear scrubs while working in hospitals.
En français: Tenue médicale
Meaning: Seeking the advice of another healthcare provider to confirm or reevaluate a diagnosis or treatment plan.
Example: She decided to get a second opinion before undergoing surgery.
En français: Deuxième avis médical
Meaning: Sudden, uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, often resulting in loss of consciousness and convulsions.
Example: He experienced a seizure and was taken to the hospital.
En français: Crise
Meaning: A life-threatening medical condition characterized by inadequate blood flow to vital organs.
Example: The patient went into shock after a severe injury.
En français: Choc
Meaning: The state of being unwell or experiencing a health condition.
Example: Motion sickness can occur during long car rides.
En français: Maladie
Meaning: Unintended, often undesirable effects of a medication or treatment.
Example: Some medications may have side effects, such as drowsiness.
En français: Effets secondaires
Meaning: Painful or tender, often due to injury or infection.
Example: Her sore throat made it difficult to swallow.
En français: Douloureux
Meaning: A sudden and involuntary muscle contraction or twitch.
Example: Muscle spasms in her leg caused discomfort.
En français: Spasme
Meaning: A healthcare provider with expertise in a specific area of medicine.
Example: The rheumatologist is a specialist in treating joint disorders.
En français: Spécialiste
Meaning: A stretch or tear in a ligament, often due to injury.
Example: He suffered a sprain in his ankle while playing sports.
En français: Entorse
Meaning: A medical state in which a patient’s condition is not deteriorating.
Example: The patient remains in stable condition after surgery.
En français: État stable
Meaning: A painful, sharp sensation typically caused by the injection of venom or a stinger.
Example: The bee sting caused swelling and redness.
En français: Piqûre
Meaning: Mental or emotional strain often resulting from challenging situations.
Example: Chronic stress can have negative effects on one’s health.
En français: Stress
Meaning: A medical doctor who performs surgical procedures.
Example: The surgeon successfully removed the tumor during the operation.
En français: Chirurgien ou Chirurgienne
Meaning: Enlarged or puffy, often due to inflammation or fluid retention.
Example: Her swollen ankle required ice and elevation.
En français: Enflé
Meaning: Physical or mental manifestations of a medical condition.
Example: Common flu symptoms include fever, cough, and fatigue.
En français: Symptômes
Meaning: A medical instrument used to inject or withdraw fluids from the body.
Example: The nurse used a syringe to administer the vaccine.
En français: Seringue
Meaning: A measurement of how hot or cold something is, often referring to body temperature.
Example: Her body temperature was slightly elevated due to the fever.
En français: Température
Meaning: Sensitive to touch or pressure, often due to injury or inflammation.
Example: The tender area on his arm was bruised.
En français: Sensible
Meaning: Referring to an advanced or incurable stage of a disease with a poor prognosis.
Example: The patient’s cancer had reached a terminal stage.
En français: Terminal
Meaning: The findings and data obtained from medical tests and examinations.
Example: The doctor discussed the test results with the patient.
En français: Résultats des tests
Meaning: A healthcare professional who provides therapeutic treatments and interventions.
Example: The physical therapist helped the patient regain mobility.
En français: Thérapeute
Meaning: Treatment or intervention aimed at improving a person’s physical or mental health.
Example: Cognitive-behavioral therapy is often used to treat anxiety.
En français: Thérapie
Meaning: The surgical procedure of replacing an organ or tissue with a donor organ or tissue.
Example: He received a kidney transplant from his sister.
En français: Greffe
Meaning: A medical specialist who focuses on the treatment of injuries and trauma.
Example: The traumatologist treated the patient’s severe injuries.
En français: Traumatologue
Meaning: To provide medical care or therapy for an illness or condition.
Example: Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections.
En français: Traiter
Meaning: A medical imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to visualize internal structures.
Example: An ultrasound was performed to monitor the baby’s development.
En français: Échographie
Meaning: A flexible cord that connects a developing fetus to the placenta during pregnancy.
Example: The doctor clamped and cut the umbilical cord after delivery.
En français: Cordon ombilical
Meaning: Not awake or aware; in a state of unconsciousness.
Example: The patient was unconscious after the accident.
En français: Inconscient
Meaning: A specimen of a person’s urine collected for medical testing.
Example: The doctor requested a urine sample for analysis.
En français: Échantillon d’urine
Meaning: A medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders of the urinary tract and male reproductive system.
Example: He consulted a urologist for issues related to kidney stones.
En français: Urologue
Meaning: A blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart.
Example: The nurse inserted the needle into the patient’s vein for the IV.
En français: Veine
Meaning: A microorganism that can cause infections and diseases.
Example: The flu is caused by the influenza virus.
En français: Virus
Meaning: The designated hours during which visitors are allowed to see patients in a hospital.
Example: Visiting hours are from 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM.
En français: Heures de visite
Meaning: To eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; also known as « throw up. »
Example: She felt nauseous and had to vomit.
En français: Vomir
Meaning: A section or area of a hospital where patients are housed and receive care.
Example: The pediatric ward is dedicated to children’s healthcare.
En français: Service hospitalier
Meaning: A mobile chair with wheels used by individuals who have difficulty walking.
Example: He relies on a wheelchair for mobility.
En français: Fauteuil roulant
Meaning: An injury to the body’s skin or underlying tissues.
Example: The wound was cleaned and stitched by the doctor.
En français: Blessure
Meaning: Injured as a result of a traumatic event.
Example: The wounded soldiers were evacuated from the battlefield.
En français: Blessé
Meaning: A medical imaging technique that uses radiation to create images of the inside of the body.
Example: An X-ray revealed a fracture in the patient’s arm.
En français: Radiographie
En conclusion, la maîtrise de ces 171 mots de vocabulaire médical anglais essentiels vous ouvre les portes de la compréhension et de la communication dans le domaine de la santé en anglais. Que ce soit pour des voyages, des études médicales, ou simplement pour passer votre TOEIC, ces termes vous seront précieux. Ils constituent une base solide pour naviguer dans le système de santé anglophone et pour être préparé à toute situation médicale imprévue à l’étranger.
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