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Vocabulaire des Taxes et Imp么ts en Anglais 馃挾 (43 mots)

vocabulaire anglais taxes impots

Les imp么ts, les taxes, les p茅ages : voici tant de mots diff茅rents pour parler d’un grand sujet 芦聽Les TAXES聽禄. Si ce sujet n’est pas pr茅sent dans tous les examens de TOEIC, il sera en tout cas tr猫s utile vous tomberez forc茅ment dessus 脿 un moment ou 脿 un autre !

Dans cet article, vous allez d茅couvrir聽43 mots et expressions sur les taxes en anglais ainsi que tout le vocabulaire li茅 dans la th茅matique des imp么ts. De 芦聽anti-dumping聽禄 脿 芦聽write something off聽禄 vous saurez tout sur le vocabulaire des taxes et de la fiscalit茅 en anglais.

Bien 茅videmment, chaque mot est accompagn茅 de sa d茅finition, d鈥檜ne phrase d鈥檈xemple, et d鈥檜ne explication en fran莽ais si la d茅finition en anglais ne vous a pas suffit.

C’est parti !

Vocabulaire Anglais Fiscal : Taxes, Imp么ts, Droits de douane…

anti-dumping

Meaning: The act of charging additional fees on imports to prevent them from being sold at lower prices than in the domestic market, thus protecting domestic industries.

Example: Countries often impose anti-dumping measures to safeguard their local businesses from unfair competition.

En fran莽ais: Anti-dumping se r茅f猫re 脿 l’acte d’appliquer des frais suppl茅mentaires sur les importations afin d’茅viter qu’elles ne soient vendues 脿 des prix inf茅rieurs 脿 ceux du march茅 int茅rieur, prot茅geant ainsi les industries locales.

 

assessable income

Meaning: The total income on which tax is calculated.

Example: Assessable income includes salaries, bonuses, and investment returns.

En fran莽ais: Le revenu imposable d茅signe le revenu total sur lequel l’imp么t est calcul茅.

 

bedroom tax (United Kingdom)

Meaning: A reduction in housing benefits for individuals with more bedrooms in their home than the government deems necessary. This is a UK tax.

Example: The bedroom tax aims to encourage efficient use of housing space.

En fran莽ais: La taxe sur les chambres fait r茅f茅rence 脿 la r茅duction des allocations de logement pour les personnes ayant plus de chambres que le gouvernement ne juge n茅cessaire. Il s’agit d’une taxe pr茅sente au Royaume-uni.

 

capital gains tax

Meaning: A tax levied on the profit from the sale of assets, such as property or investments.

Example: When you sell a house, you may be subject to capital gains tax on the profit you made.

En fran莽ais: Imp么t sur les plus-values : Un imp么t pr茅lev茅 sur le profit r茅alis茅 lors de la vente d’actifs, tels que des biens immobiliers ou des investissements.

 

carbon tax

Meaning: A tax on the carbon content of fuels, intended to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Example: Carbon taxes aim to incentivize businesses and individuals to reduce their carbon footprint.

En fran莽ais: Taxe carbone : Une taxe sur la teneur en carbone des combustibles, destin茅e 脿 r茅duire les 茅missions de gaz 脿 effet de serre.

 

corporation tax

Meaning: A tax imposed on the profits of companies.

Example: Corporations are required to pay a percentage of their profits as corporation tax.

En fran莽ais: Imp么t sur les soci茅t茅s : Un imp么t pr茅lev茅 sur les b茅n茅fices des entreprises.

 

council tax

Meaning: A local tax in the United Kingdom, based on the value of a property, used to fund local services.

Example: Residents are required to pay council tax to support community services like waste collection and schools.

En fran莽ais: Taxe municipale / Taxe聽d’habitation聽: Une taxe locale au Royaume-Uni, bas茅e sur la valeur d’une propri茅t茅, utilis茅e pour financer les services locaux.

 

customs duties

Meaning: Taxes imposed on goods when they are transported across international borders.

Example: Customs duties are collected by the government to control the flow of goods into a country.

En fran莽ais: Droits de douane : Taxes impos茅es sur les marchandises lors de leur transport 脿 travers les fronti猫res internationales.

 

customs officer

Meaning: An official responsible for enforcing customs laws and regulations.

Example: The customs officer inspected the cargo to ensure compliance with import/export laws.

En fran莽ais: Agent des douanes : Un fonctionnaire responsable de l’application des lois et r猫glements douaniers.

 

direct taxes

Meaning: Taxes imposed directly on individuals or businesses, such as income tax.

Example: Income tax is one of the common forms of direct taxes levied on individuals.

En fran莽ais: Imp么ts directs : Taxes impos茅es directement aux individus ou aux entreprises, telles que l’imp么t sur le revenu.

 

duty-free

Meaning: Refers to goods that are exempt from import duties or taxes.

Example: Travelers can purchase duty-free items at the airport without paying additional taxes.

En fran莽ais: Hors taxes : Fait r茅f茅rence aux biens exempt茅s de droits d’importation ou de taxes.

 

excisable

Meaning: Describes goods on which excise duty can be imposed.

Example: Alcohol and tobacco products are often excisable goods subject to specific duties.

En fran莽ais: Accisable : D茅crit les biens sur lesquels des droits d’accise peuvent 锚tre impos茅s.

 

excise duty

Meaning: A type of tax imposed on specific goods produced or sold within a country.

Example: Excise duty on fuel is a common way for governments to generate revenue.

En fran莽ais: Droit d’accise : Un type d’imp么t impos茅 sur des biens sp茅cifiques produits ou vendus dans un pays.

 

exempt

Meaning: To be free from a particular obligation, such as paying a tax.

Example: Some charitable organizations are exempt from paying certain taxes.

En fran莽ais: Exempt茅 : 脢tre exempt茅 d’une obligation particuli猫re, comme le paiement d’une taxe.

 

fat tax

Meaning: A tax on foods high in fats and sugars, aimed at promoting healthier eating habits.

Example: The government introduced a fat tax to address rising obesity rates.

En fran莽ais: Taxe sur les mati猫res grasses : Une taxe sur les aliments riches en graisses et en sucres, visant 脿 promouvoir des habitudes alimentaires plus saines.

 

fiscal year

Meaning: A period used for calculating annual financial statements and for tax purposes.

Example: The fiscal year for most businesses runs from January 1st to December 31st.

En fran莽ais: Exercice fiscal : Une p茅riode utilis茅e pour le calcul des 茅tats financiers annuels et 脿 des fins fiscales.

 

flat tax

Meaning: A tax system with a constant tax rate, regardless of income level.

Example: Some countries implement a flat tax, where everyone pays the same percentage of their income.

En fran莽ais: Imp么t proportionnel : Un syst猫me fiscal avec un taux d’imposition constant, ind茅pendamment du niveau de revenu.

 

HMRC

Meaning: His Majesty’s Revenue and Customs, the tax authority in the United Kingdom.

Example: Individuals and businesses interact with HMRC for tax-related matters.

En fran莽ais: HMRC : His Majesty’s Revenue and Customs, l’autorit茅 fiscale au Royaume-Uni.

 

income tax

Meaning: A tax levied on the income of individuals and businesses.

Example: Income tax is calculated based on the earnings of an individual or entity.

En fran莽ais: Imp么t sur le revenu : Un imp么t pr茅lev茅 sur le revenu des individus et des entreprises.

 

indirect taxes

Meaning: Taxes that are not directly levied on income but on goods and services.

Example: Value Added Tax (VAT) is an example of an indirect tax.

En fran莽ais: Imp么ts indirects : Des taxes qui ne sont pas directement pr茅lev茅es sur le revenu, mais sur les biens et services.

 

inheritance tax

Meaning: A tax imposed on the estate of a deceased person before it is passed on to heirs.

Example: Inheritance tax is calculated based on the value of the assets left by the deceased.

En fran莽ais: Imp么t sur les successions : Un imp么t pr茅lev茅 sur la succession d’une personne d茅c茅d茅e avant d’锚tre transmise aux h茅ritiers.

 

national insurance

Meaning: A social security contribution paid by employees and employers to fund state benefits in the UK.

Example: National insurance contributions support programs like healthcare and pensions.

En fran莽ais: S茅curit茅 sociale au Royaume-Uni聽: Une cotisation de s茅curit茅 sociale pay茅e par les employ茅s et les employeurs pour financer les prestations de l’脡tat au Royaume-uni.

 

non-deductible

Meaning: Expenses or items for which tax deductions are not allowed.

Example: Some entertainment expenses may be considered non-deductible for tax purposes.

En fran莽ais: Non d茅ductible : D茅penses ou 茅l茅ments pour lesquels les d茅ductions fiscales ne sont pas autoris茅es.

 

non-domiciled

Meaning: A tax status for individuals who are not permanent residents in a particular country.

Example: Non-domiciled individuals may have different tax obligations than permanent residents.

En fran莽ais: Non-domicili茅 : Un statut fiscal pour les personnes qui ne sont pas des r茅sidents permanents dans un pays particulier.

 

PAYE (UK)

Meaning: Pay As You Earn, a system for collecting income tax and national insurance from employees’ pay.

Example: PAYE ensures that taxes are deducted directly from employees’ salaries.

En fran莽ais: PAYE (Royaume-Uni) : Pay As You Earn, un syst猫me de collecte de l’imp么t sur le revenu et de la S茅curit茅 sociale sur le salaire des employ茅s.

 

rebate

Meaning: A partial refund of taxes, often granted for specific reasons or to certain individuals.

Example: Homeowners may qualify for a rebate on property taxes if they make energy-efficient improvements.

En fran莽ais: Remise : Un remboursement partiel des imp么ts, souvent accord茅 pour des raisons sp茅cifiques ou 脿 certaines personnes.

 

road tax

Meaning: A tax levied on vehicles, the proceeds of which are often used for road maintenance.

Example: Owners must pay an annual road tax to legally drive their vehicles.

En fran莽ais: Taxe sur les v茅hicules : Un imp么t pr茅lev茅 sur les v茅hicules, dont les recettes sont souvent utilis茅es pour l’entretien des routes.

 

sales tax

Meaning: A tax imposed on the sale of goods and services, typically at the point of purchase.

Example: In some countries, the sales tax is added to the final price of a product.

En fran莽ais: Taxe de vente : Un imp么t pr茅lev茅 sur la vente de biens et services, g茅n茅ralement au moment de l’achat.

 

tax allowance

Meaning: The amount of income on which an individual is not required to pay taxes.

Example: The government may provide a tax allowance for certain low-income individuals.

En fran莽ais: All猫gement fiscal : Le montant de revenu sur lequel une personne n’est pas tenue de payer des imp么ts.

 

tax avoidance

Meaning: The use of legal methods to reduce or eliminate tax liability.

Example: Tax avoidance involves structuring finances to minimize the overall tax burden.

En fran莽ais: 脡vitement fiscal : L’utilisation de m茅thodes l茅gales pour r茅duire ou 茅liminer la responsabilit茅 fiscale.

 

tax base

Meaning: The total amount of income or economic activity subject to taxation.

Example: The government may adjust the tax base to stimulate economic growth.

En fran莽ais: Assiette fiscale : Le montant total de revenu ou d’activit茅 茅conomique soumis 脿 la taxation.

 

tax bracket

Meaning: A range of incomes taxed at a specific rate.

Example: Individuals in a higher tax bracket pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes.

En fran莽ais: Tranche d’imposition : Une plage de revenus tax茅s 脿 un taux sp茅cifique.

 

tax break

Meaning: A reduction in taxes granted by the government for specific purposes.

Example: The government may provide a tax break for businesses investing in renewable energy.

En fran莽ais: All猫gement fiscal : Une r茅duction d’imp么t accord茅e par le gouvernement 脿 des fins sp茅cifiques.

 

tax credit

Meaning: An amount subtracted directly from the total taxes owed.

Example: Education expenses can sometimes qualify for a tax credit, reducing the overall tax liability.

En fran莽ais: Cr茅dit d’imp么t : Un montant d茅duit directement des imp么ts totaux dus.

 

tax shelter

Meaning: A legal strategy or investment designed to reduce taxable income.

Example: Investing in a tax shelter, such as a retirement account, can provide financial benefits.

En fran莽ais: Abri fiscal : Une strat茅gie ou un investissement l茅gal con莽u pour r茅duire le revenu imposable.

 

tax year

Meaning: The 12-month period used for calculating taxes, often aligning with the calendar year.

Example: The tax year in many countries runs from January 1st to December 31st.

En fran莽ais: Ann茅e fiscale: La p茅riode de 12 mois utilis茅e pour le calcul des imp么ts, souvent align茅e sur l’ann茅e civile.

 

tax-exempt

Meaning: Not subject to taxation.

Example: Some non-profit organizations may be considered tax-exempt.

En fran莽ais: Exon茅r茅 d’imp么t : Non assujetti 脿 l’imposition.

 

the IRS

Meaning: The Internal Revenue Service, the tax authority in the United States.

Example: Individuals and businesses file their tax returns with the IRS.

En fran莽ais: l’IRS : L’Internal Revenue Service, l’autorit茅 fiscale aux 脡tats-Unis.

 

toll

Meaning: A charge or fee for using a particular road, bridge, or tunnel.

Example: Drivers must pay a toll to use the expressway.

En fran莽ais: P茅age : Une charge ou une taxe pour l’utilisation d’une route, d’un pont ou d’un tunnel particulier.

 

value added tax (VAT)

Meaning: A consumption tax levied on the value added to a product at each stage of the production and distribution chain.

Example: In many countries, VAT is included in the final price of goods and services.

En fran莽ais: taxe sur la valeur ajout茅e (TVA) : Une taxe sur la consommation pr茅lev茅e sur la valeur ajout茅e 脿 un produit 脿 chaque 茅tape de la cha卯ne de production et de distribution.

 

welfare state

Meaning: A state that assumes responsibility for the well-being of its citizens, often through social programs.

Example: Nordic countries are often cited as examples of a welfare state.

En fran莽ais: 脡tat providence : Un 脡tat qui assume la responsabilit茅 du bien-锚tre de ses citoyens, souvent par le biais de programmes sociaux.

 

withholding tax

Meaning: A tax deducted from an individual’s income at the time of payment.

Example: Employers often deduct withholding tax from employees’ paychecks.

En fran莽ais: Retenue 脿 la source : Un imp么t d茅duit du revenu d’un individu au moment du paiement.

 

write something off

Meaning: To deduct an expense from taxable income.

Example: Businesses can often write off certain expenses to reduce their taxable income.

En fran莽ais: D茅duire quelque chose : D茅duire une d茅pense du revenu imposable.

 

J鈥檈sp猫re que ce voyage dans le聽vocabulaire des taxes et imp么ts a 茅t茅 int茅ressant. Vous avez maintenant la cl茅 pour naviguer dans le monde complexe des imp么ts et taxes dans un contexte anglophone en comprenant ces termes essentiels.

Vous avez maintenant une vue d鈥檈nsemble de la聽terminologie anglaise des taxes聽! Continuez 脿 d茅velopper vos comp茅tences linguistiques et techniques afin d鈥檕btenir des supers r茅sultats au TOEIC. Arm茅 de ce vocabulaire avanc茅, pr茅parez-vous 脿 converser en toute confiance.

 

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