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Vocabulaire Usine, Production en anglais : Lexique de 210 Mots à Maîtriser ! 🔑🏭

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Les thématiques de vocabulaire à connaître pour le TOEIC sont variées : Divertissements, Economie, Industrie, Informatique, Juridique, Marketing, Météo, Vente …

Dans un autre article, je vous avais partagé les expressions idiomatiques de l’entreprise.

Et dans cet article, vous allez découvrir 210 mots (WOW) à maîtriser dans le domaine de l’usine et de la production industrielle.

Pour chaque mot je vous donne :

  • Le mot (en anglais),
  • sa définition, en anglais également,
  • une phrase d’exemple
  • et la traduction ou l’explication en français si la définition anglaise ne vous a pas suffisamment éclairé.

Je vous souhaite une bonne découverte du vocabulaire de l’usine !

antislip :

Meaning : Having properties that prevent slipping.
Example : The factory floor is coated with antislip material to prevent accidents.
En français : Antidérapant.

assemble-to-order product :

Meaning : A product that is customized or assembled according to customer specifications after receiving an order.
Example : The company specializes in assemble-to-order products, allowing customers to choose specific features.
En français : Produit assemblé sur commande.

assembly line :

Meaning : A production process in which products are assembled in a sequential manner as they move along a conveyor belt or line.
Example : The assembly line increased the factory’s production efficiency.
En français : Chaîne de montage.

assembly line worker :

Meaning : A person who works on an assembly line, performing specific tasks in the production process.
Example : Assembly line workers are responsible for assembling components into the final product.
En français : Ouvrier de la chaîne de montage.

automation :

Meaning : The use of machinery and technology to perform tasks with minimal human intervention.
Example : Automation has improved the speed and accuracy of production in the factory.
En français : Automatisation.

auxiliary materials :

Meaning : Materials or components used in the production process but not part of the final product.
Example : We need to order more auxiliary materials to keep the production running smoothly.
En français : Matériaux auxiliaires.

backlog :

Meaning : A quantity of work or orders that are behind schedule or waiting to be completed.
Example : The company is working hard to clear the backlog of orders.
En français : Retard, arriéré.

bar chart :

Meaning : A graphical representation of data using bars of different heights to show comparisons.
Example : We used a bar chart to visualize the production output for the past year.
En français : Diagramme à barres.

barcode :

Meaning : A series of parallel lines and spaces representing data that can be read by a scanner.
Example : The barcode on each product helps in tracking inventory.
En français : Code-barres.

batch :

Meaning : A quantity of products produced or processed together as a group.
Example : We produce this item in batches of 100 units at a time.
En français : Lot.

breaking load :

Meaning : The amount of force or weight a material or product can withstand before breaking.
Example : The breaking load of the steel cable was tested for safety.
En français : Charge de rupture.

bulk production :

Meaning : Manufacturing a large quantity of products at once, often at a lower cost per unit.
Example : Bulk production is more cost-effective for common consumer goods.
En français : Production en masse.

by-product :

Meaning : A secondary or incidental product produced during the manufacturing of something else.
Example : The company found a profitable use for the by-product of their main manufacturing process.
En français : Sous-produit.

cannery :

Meaning : A facility where fruits, vegetables, or other food items are preserved and canned.
Example : The cannery processes tons of tomatoes every day during the harvest season.
En français : Conserverie.

colleague :

Meaning : A coworker or fellow employee.
Example : I discussed the project with my colleagues during the team meeting.
En français : Collègue.

computer-designed :

Meaning : Created or designed using computer software and technology.
Example : The computer-designed prototypes are more precise and efficient.
En français : Conçu par ordinateur.

computer-integrated manufacturing :

Meaning : A manufacturing system in which computer technology is used to integrate various aspects of production.
Example : Computer-integrated manufacturing has streamlined our production processes.
En français : Fabrication intégrée par ordinateur.

consumption per unit :

Meaning : The amount of resources or materials used to produce a single unit of a product.
Example : We need to reduce consumption per unit to lower production costs.
En français : Consommation par unité.

continuous processing line :

Meaning : A production line where products are continuously manufactured without interruptions.
Example : The continuous processing line allows us to produce goods efficiently around the clock.
En français : Ligne de production continue.

conveyor belt :

Meaning : A mechanical system that moves materials or products from one place to another along a belt.
Example : The conveyor belt transports materials between different stages of production.
En français : Tapis roulant, convoyeur.

cooling tower :

Meaning : A structure used in industrial processes to cool hot water or air.
Example : The cooling tower helps regulate the temperature of the machinery.
En français : Tour de refroidissement.

custom-made goods :

Meaning : Products that are specially made to meet the specific requirements of a customer.
Example : The company specializes in custom-made goods for high-end clients.
En français : Produits sur mesure.

defect :

Meaning : A flaw or imperfection in a product that affects its quality.
Example : We have a quality control process to detect and address defects in our products.
En français : Défaut.

designer :

Meaning : A person who creates the plans or blueprints for a product or system.
Example : The designer came up with an innovative concept for the new product.
En français : Concepteur, designer.

direct cost :

Meaning : Expenses that can be directly attributed to the production of a specific product.
Example : Labor and materials are examples of direct costs in manufacturing.
En français : Coût direct.

direct product profitability :

Meaning : A measure of the profit generated by a specific product after considering all associated costs.
Example : We calculate the direct product profitability to determine if a product is profitable.
En français : Rentabilité directe du produit.

distribution expenses :

Meaning : Costs associated with distributing products to customers or retailers.
Example : Distribution expenses include shipping and logistics costs.
En français : Frais de distribution.

dynamometer :

Meaning : A device used to measure force, torque, or power, often used in testing machinery.
Example : The dynamometer is crucial for testing the engine’s performance.
En français : Dynamomètre.

electrostatic charge :

Meaning : The accumulation of an electric charge on an object, often due to friction.
Example : The electrostatic charge can cause dust to adhere to surfaces.
En français : Charge électrostatique.

endurance test :

Meaning : A test to determine how well a product or material can withstand prolonged use or stress.
Example : The endurance test showed that the materials were durable and reliable.
En français : Test d’endurance.

energy costs :

Meaning : The expenses associated with the consumption of energy, such as electricity and fuel.
Example : High energy costs can significantly impact a factory’s operating expenses.
En français : Coûts énergétiques.

equipment purchase :

Meaning : The acquisition of machinery and tools necessary for production.
Example : We budgeted for a major equipment purchase to improve our manufacturing capabilities.
En français : Achat d’équipement.

fab :

Meaning : An abbreviation for « fabrication, » often used in a casual or industry-specific context.
Example : The new fab facility will be operational next month.
En français : Usine (utilisé informellement).

factory :

Meaning : A building or facility where products are manufactured or assembled.
Example : The factory produces thousands of cars every month.
En français : Usine.

factory floor :

Meaning : The main area of a factory where production activities take place.
Example : Safety protocols are essential on the factory floor to prevent accidents.
En français : Atelier de production.

factory overhead :

Meaning : Indirect costs associated with running a factory, such as utilities and maintenance.
Example : We need to control factory overhead to maintain profitability.
En français : Frais généraux d’usine.

factory-assembled :

Meaning : Products or components that are assembled in the factory rather than on-site.
Example : The factory-assembled furniture is easy to install at home.
En français : Assemblé en usine.

faulty / faulty goods :

Meaning : Products that have defects or do not meet quality standards.
Example : We had to recall the faulty goods due to safety concerns.
En français : Défectueux / Produits défectueux.

feasibility :

Meaning : The likelihood that a project or plan can be successfully carried out.
Example : We conducted a feasibility study to assess the viability of the new product.
En français : Faisabilité.

final inspection :

Meaning : A thorough examination of a product or its components to ensure it meets quality standards before shipment.
Example : The final inspection is the last step before the products are shipped to customers.
En français : Inspection finale.

final inspection in progress :

Meaning : A status indicating that the final quality check is currently taking place.
Example : The « final inspection in progress » sign is displayed when products are being checked for defects.
En français : Inspection finale en cours.

finished goods inventory :

Meaning : The stock of completed products ready for sale or distribution.
Example : Our finished goods inventory is well-stocked for the holiday season.
En français : Inventaire de produits finis.

finished product :

Meaning : A product that has completed the manufacturing process and is ready for sale or use.
Example : The finished product met all quality standards.
En français : Produit fini.

fixed manufacturing costs :

Meaning : Production expenses that do not change with the level of production, such as rent and salaries.
Example : Fixed manufacturing costs remain constant even when production increases.
En français : Coûts fixes de fabrication.

floor manager, department manager :

Meaning : A person responsible for overseeing a specific area or department within a factory.
Example : The floor manager ensures that production runs smoothly in their department.
En français : Chef de département.

flow production :

Meaning : A manufacturing process where products move continuously through various stages of production.
Example : Flow production is known for its efficiency and high output.
En français : Production en flux continu.

flowchart :

Meaning : A diagram that visually represents the steps and flow of a process.
Example : We created a flowchart to document the production workflow.
En français : Organigramme, diagramme de flux.

forge :

Meaning : To shape metal by heating and hammering it into a desired form.
Example : Blacksmiths used to forge tools and weapons by hand.
En français : Forger.

foundry :

Meaning : A facility where metals are melted and poured into molds to create castings.
Example : The foundry specializes in producing custom metal parts.
En français : Fonderie.

gasworks :

Meaning : A facility for producing and distributing gas, often for heating and lighting.
Example : The old gasworks was transformed into a library.
En français : Usine à gaz.

goods elevator :

Meaning : An elevator designed for transporting heavy or bulky goods within a building.
Example : The goods elevator is used to move materials to different floors of the factory.
En français : Ascenseur de marchandises.

hanging tag :

Meaning : A label or tag attached to a product for identification or information.
Example : The hanging tag on the clothing displays the price and care instructions.
En français : Étiquette suspendue.

in process of completion :

Meaning : A status indicating that a task or project is currently being finished.
Example : The production order is in process of completion and will be ready soon.
En français : En cours d’achèvement.

in progress :

Meaning : A status indicating that a task, project, or production is currently underway.
Example : The assembly of the new machinery is in progress.
En français : En cours.

in stock :

Meaning : Available for immediate sale or use, typically referring to inventory.
Example : We have many products in stock and ready to ship.
En français : En stock.

industrial area :

Meaning : A designated region or zone where industrial activities and factories are concentrated.
Example : The industrial area is home to several manufacturing companies.
En français : Zone industrielle.

industrial espionage :

Meaning : The unauthorized acquisition of confidential information or trade secrets from a competitor or business.
Example : The company had to increase security to protect against industrial espionage.
En français : Espionnage industriel.

industrial estate :

Meaning : A planned area or development zone with infrastructure and facilities for industrial businesses.
Example : The new industrial estate attracted several companies due to its excellent infrastructure.
En français : Zone industrielle.

industrial park :

Meaning : A designated area where multiple industrial businesses are located, often with shared amenities.
Example : The industrial park is home to various manufacturing and distribution companies.
En français : Parc industriel.

industrial plant :

Meaning : A facility where industrial processes, manufacturing, or production take place.
Example : The industrial plant produces chemicals for various applications.
En français : Usine industrielle.

industrial processes :

Meaning : A series of activities or steps involved in manufacturing or producing goods.
Example : Understanding industrial processes is crucial for optimizing production.
En français : Processus industriels.

industrial production :

Meaning : The process of manufacturing goods or products on a large scale for commercial purposes.
Example : Industrial production has increased significantly in recent years.
En français : Production industrielle.

industrial properties:

Meaning : Real estate used for industrial purposes, such as factories or warehouses.
Example : Its aim is to finance the acquisition of industrial properties.
En français : Propriété industrielle.

innovation :

Meaning : The introduction of new ideas, methods, or products to improve processes or solve problems.
Example : Continuous innovation is essential for staying competitive in the market.
En français : Innovation.

innovative :

Meaning : Characterized by creativity and the ability to introduce new and improved ideas.
Example : The company’s innovative approach led to groundbreaking products.
En français : Innovant.

input :

Meaning : Data, materials, or resources that are fed into a process or system for a specific output.
Example : The input of raw materials is the first step in our production process.
En français : Entrée, donnée d’entrée.

inventory stock :

Meaning : The quantity of products or materials held in stock by a company.
Example : We maintain a large inventory stock to meet customer demands.
En français : Stock d’inventaire.

invest in equipment :

Meaning : To allocate resources to acquire machinery and tools for production.
Example : The company plans to invest in new equipment to improve efficiency.
En français : Investir dans l’équipement.

ironworks :

Meaning : A facility where iron is melted and shaped into various products.
Example : The ironworks produces components for construction projects.
En français : Forge.

job work order :

Meaning : A document specifying the details of a specific job or production order.
Example : The job order sheet includes instructions for each manufacturing task.
En français : Fiche d’ordre de travail.

knacker’s yard :

Meaning : A place where old or worn-out animals and machinery are disassembled or disposed of.
Example : The knacker’s yard handles the recycling of industrial equipment.
En français : Casse.

know-how :

Meaning : Practical knowledge, expertise, or skills in a particular field or industry.
Example : The company’s success is built on its engineering know-how.
En français : Savoir-faire.

label :

Meaning : A piece of paper or material attached to a product to provide information or identification.
Example : The label on the package includes the product’s name and barcode.
En français : Étiquette.

labor cost per output unit :

Meaning : The cost of labor required to produce a single unit of a product.
Example : To reduce costs, we need to optimize the labor cost per output unit.
En français : Coût de main-d’œuvre par unité de production.

laboratory :

Meaning : A controlled environment for scientific research, experiments, or testing.
Example : The laboratory is equipped with advanced equipment for analysis.
En français : Laboratoire.

laboratory test :

Meaning : An examination or experiment conducted in a laboratory to gather data or information.
Example : The laboratory test confirmed the quality of the product.
En français : Test de laboratoire.

large-scale production :

Meaning : Manufacturing on a grand scale, often involving high quantities and efficiency.
Example : Large-scale production requires significant resources and infrastructure.
En français : Production à grande échelle.

learning curve :

Meaning : The rate at which employees or processes become more efficient over time with experience.
Example : New workers need time to adapt, but they eventually reach the learning curve’s peak.
En français : Courbe d’apprentissage.

line worker :

Meaning : An employee who works on a production line, typically performing repetitive tasks.
Example : Line workers assemble components to create the final product.
En français : Ouvrier de chaîne.

logistics :

Meaning : The planning, coordination, and management of the flow of goods, information, and resources in a supply chain.
Example : Efficient logistics are crucial for timely product delivery.
En français : Logistique.

machine loading :

Meaning : The process of placing materials or products into a machine for processing.
Example : Machine loading is a critical step in the production process.
En français : Chargement de la machine.

machine tools :

Meaning : Machines used for shaping, cutting, and machining materials in manufacturing.
Example : CNC machine tools are essential in precision engineering.
En français : Machines-outils.

machine-hours :

Meaning : A measure of the amount of time a machine is operational or in use.
Example : We track machine-hours to assess equipment utilization.
En français : Heures-machine.

machinery :

Meaning : Machines and equipment used in manufacturing or industrial processes.
Example : The factory invested in new machinery to increase production capacity.
En français : Machines.

main product :

Meaning : The primary or principal item produced by a company.
Example : Our main product is a high-quality smartphone.
En français : Produit principal.

maintenance :

Meaning : The activities performed to keep machinery and equipment in working condition.
Example : Regular maintenance is essential to prevent breakdowns in production.
En français : Maintenance.

Maintenance and Repair Handling (MRH) :

Meaning : A system or process for managing maintenance and repair tasks in an industrial setting.
Example : MRH software helps streamline maintenance processes in the factory.
En français : Gestion de la maintenance et des réparations.

manometer :

Meaning : An instrument used to measure the pressure of gases or liquids.
Example : The manometer indicated that the pressure in the tank was within the safe range.
En français : Manomètre.

manufacturer’s brand :

Meaning : A brand owned and used by the company that manufactures the product.
Example : The manufacturer’s brand is known for its quality and reliability.
En français : Marque du fabricant.

manufacturing company :

Meaning : A business engaged in the production of goods.
Example : The manufacturing company specializes in electronics and appliances.
En français : Entreprise de fabrication.

manufacturing cost :

Meaning : The total expenses incurred in producing a product, including materials, labor, and overhead.
Example : To calculate the selling price, we need to consider the manufacturing cost.
En français : Coût de fabrication.

manufacturing expenses :

Meaning : Costs associated with the production process, such as labor, materials, and overhead.
Example : Reducing manufacturing expenses can lead to higher profit margins.
En français : Frais de fabrication.

manufacturing industry :

Meaning : The sector of the economy involved in the production of tangible goods.
Example : The manufacturing industry plays a significant role in the country’s economy.
En français : Industrie manufacturière.

manufacturing overhead :

Meaning : Indirect production costs, such as utilities and factory maintenance.
Example : We need to allocate manufacturing overhead to each product.
En français : Frais généraux de fabrication.

manufacturing plants :

Meaning : Facilities or locations where manufacturing processes take place.
Example : The company has several manufacturing plants around the world.
En français : Installations de fabrication.

mass production :

Meaning : Large-scale manufacturing of products, often using assembly lines and standardized processes.
Example : Mass production has made consumer goods more affordable.
En français : Production de masse.

mould :

Meaning : A hollow form used to shape materials like plastic or metal.
Example : The mould is essential for creating consistent product shapes.
En français : Moule.

multi-plant :

Meaning : Involving or operating multiple manufacturing facilities or plants.
Example : The company has a multi-plant strategy to meet global demand.
En français : Multi-usine.

nonflammable :

Meaning : Not easily ignited or capable of burning.
Example : The nonflammable materials are used in fire-resistant construction.
En français : Ininflammable.

notice board :

Meaning : A board or display where information, announcements, or notices are posted.
Example : Check the notice board for updates on safety procedures.
En français : Tableau d’affichage.

off-the-shelf :

Meaning : Referring to products or components that are readily available for purchase without customization.
Example : We used off-the-shelf software to speed up our project.
En français : Prêt à l’emploi.

on the factory floor  :

Meaning : Referring to ordinary workers rather than managers.
Example : That sort of decision should be taken on the factory floor.
En français : Par les travailleurs.

one-off production :

Meaning : The creation of a single, unique product rather than mass production.
Example : The artist specializes in one-off production of custom furniture.
En français : Production unique.

operations scheduling :

Meaning : Planning and organizing the sequence and timing of production tasks.
Example : Operations scheduling ensures efficient use of resources.
En français : Planification des opérations.

optical scanner :

Meaning : A device that uses light to read and convert printed or written data into digital form.
Example : The optical scanner is used for scanning barcodes on products.
En français : Scanner optique.

order backlog :

Meaning : A list of customer orders that have not yet been fulfilled.
Example : We need to address the order backlog to meet customer demand.
En français : Carnet de commandes.

out of order :

Meaning : Not in working condition or unavailable for use.
Example : The machine is out of order, and we need to repair it.
En français : Hors service.

output :

Meaning : The quantity of products or goods produced by a system, machine, or process.
Example : The output of the factory increased after the upgrades.
En français : Production, sortie.

output of a plant :

Meaning : The total production or yield of a manufacturing facility.
Example : The output of the plant exceeded our expectations this quarter.
En français : Production d’une usine.

overcapacity :

Meaning : Having more production capacity than is currently needed.
Example : Overcapacity can lead to wasted resources and increased costs.
En français : Surcapacité.

overhead costs :

Meaning : Indirect expenses related to running a business, such as rent and utilities.
Example : Reducing overhead costs can improve a company’s profitability.
En français : Frais généraux.

overproduction :

Meaning : Producing more goods than can be sold or consumed.
Example : Overproduction can lead to excess inventory and waste.
En français : Surproduction.

pack :

Meaning : To prepare products for shipping or distribution by placing them in packaging.
Example : We need to pack the products carefully to prevent damage during transit.
En français : Emballer.

packing room :

Meaning : A room that a business uses to pack items for subsequent storage or shipping.
Example : In the last few days of the rush, John finally dressed and walked up to the packing room to contribute his share of the work.
En français : Salle d’emballage.

packing room personnel manager :

Meaning : A manager responsible for overseeing personnel and operations in the packing room.
Example : The packing room personnel manager ensures efficient packing processes.
En français : Responsable du personnel de la salle d’emballage.

packing department :

Meaning : A department within a company responsible for packaging products for distribution.
Example : The packing department works diligently to meet shipping deadlines.
En français : Service d’emballage.

packing house :

Meaning : A facility where fruits, vegetables, or other products are sorted, packaged, and prepared for distribution.
Example : The packing house handles the packaging of fresh produce.
En français : Lieu de conditionnement.

pallet :

Meaning : A portable platform with both a top and bottom deck for stacking and moving goods.
Example : Forklifts are used to move pallets of materials around the warehouse.
En français : Palette.

personnel management :

Meaning : The administration of an organization’s workforce, including recruitment, training, and employee relations.
Example : Personnel management plays a key role in maintaining a motivated workforce.
En français : Gestion du personnel.

personnel rotation :

Meaning : The practice of periodically moving employees to different positions or roles within a company.
Example : Personnel rotation helps employees gain diverse skills and experiences.
En français : Rotation du personnel.

personnel turnover :

Meaning : The rate at which employees leave a company and are replaced by new hires.
Example : High personnel turnover can be costly for businesses.
En français : Rotation du personnel.

piece, item :

Meaning : A single unit or component of a product or assembly.
Example : Each piece is carefully inspected for quality.
En français : Pièce, élément.

piecework :

Meaning : A system where employees are paid based on the number of pieces they produce.
Example : Piecework can be an incentive for workers to increase productivity.
En français : Travail à la pièce.

pilot plant :

Meaning : A small-scale production facility used to test and develop new processes or products.
Example : The pilot plant is where we refine our manufacturing methods.
En français : Usine pilote.

plant :

Meaning : A facility or establishment where industrial or manufacturing activities take place.
Example : The chemical plant produces various chemical compounds.
En français : Usine.

plant manager :

Meaning : An individual responsible for overseeing the operations of a manufacturing plant.
Example : The plant manager ensures production runs smoothly and efficiently.
En français : Directeur d’usine.

plastic parts :

Meaning : Components or pieces made from plastic materials in manufacturing.
Example : The plastic parts are lightweight and durable.
En français : Pièces en plastique.

power plant :

Meaning : A facility where electricity is generated from various energy sources.
Example : The power plant supplies electricity to the entire region.
En français : Centrale électrique.

power station :

Meaning : A facility that generates and distributes electrical power.
Example : The power station is a critical part of the city’s infrastructure.
En français : Centrale électrique.

pre-assembled :

Meaning : Products or components that are assembled before being delivered or installed.
Example : The pre-assembled furniture is easy to set up at home.
En français : Pré-assemblé.

processing method :

Meaning : The technique or procedure used to transform raw materials into finished products.
Example : Our unique processing method gives our products a competitive edge.
En français : Méthode de traitement.

producer :

Meaning : A person or company that manufactures or creates goods.
Example : The producer is known for high-quality craftsmanship.
En français : Producteur.

product analysis :

Meaning : The examination and assessment of a product’s characteristics and qualities.
Example : Product analysis helps identify areas for improvement.
En français : Analyse du produit.

product design :

Meaning : The process of creating the appearance and functionality of a product.
Example : Good product design enhances user experience.
En français : Conception de produit.

product mix :

Meaning : The range of products offered by a company to meet different customer needs.
Example : We expanded our product mix to target diverse markets.
En français : Gamme de produits.

product range :

Meaning : The variety of products or items offered by a company.
Example : Our product range includes both basic and premium options.
En français : Gamme de produits.

product specialization :

Meaning : Focusing on the production of a specific type or category of products.
Example : Our product specialization is high-performance sports cars.
En français : Spécialisation produit.

production constraints :

Meaning : Limitations or factors that affect the manufacturing process.
Example : We need to address these production constraints to meet demand.
En français : Contraintes de production.

production cost :

Meaning : The total expenses incurred to manufacture a product, including materials, labor, and overhead.
Example : Lowering production costs can improve profitability.
En français : Coût de production.

production cycle :

Meaning : The time it takes to complete all stages of production for a product.
Example : Our production cycle has been shortened through process optimization.
En français : Cycle de production.

production factors :

Meaning : Production factors, also known as factors of production, are the essential resources and inputs used to create goods and services.
Example : The company’s success in producing high-quality cars can be attributed to its efficient utilization of production factors, including skilled labor, advanced machinery, and a strategic approach to marketing.
En français : Facteurs de production.

production index :

Meaning : A numerical value or indicator used to measure the performance or efficiency of production processes.
Example : The production index showed a significant improvement after implementing automation.
En français : Indice de production.

production line :

Meaning : An organized sequence of workstations or machines where products are assembled or processed.
Example : The production line operates around the clock to meet demand.
En français : Ligne de production.

production management :

Meaning : The planning, coordination, and control of manufacturing processes to achieve production goals.
Example : Effective production management ensures on-time delivery to customers.
En français : Gestion de la production.

production manager :

Meaning : An individual responsible for overseeing and managing the production process.
Example : The production manager is in charge of optimizing production efficiency.
En français : Directeur de production.

production methods :

Meaning : The specific techniques and approaches used to manufacture products.
Example : Modern production methods often involve automation and robotics.
En français : Méthodes de production.

production overhead :

Meaning : Indirect costs associated with the manufacturing process, such as utilities and maintenance.
Example : Accurately allocating production overhead is important for cost analysis.
En français : Frais généraux de production.

production planning :

Meaning : The process of scheduling and organizing production activities to meet demand efficiently.
Example : Production planning ensures resources are used effectively.
En français : Planification de la production.

production potential :

Meaning : The maximum output a manufacturing process or facility can achieve under optimal conditions.
Example : We aim to reach our production potential to fulfill customer orders.
En français : Potentiel de production.

production prices :

Meaning : The prices at which products are manufactured, including all associated costs.
Example : Fluctuations in production prices can impact profitability.
En français : Prix de production.

production process :

Meaning : The series of steps and activities involved in manufacturing a product.
Example : Streamlining the production process can reduce lead times.
En français : Processus de production.

production progress :

Meaning : The current status or advancement of a manufacturing project.
Example : We track production progress to ensure orders are on schedule.
En français : Avancement de la production.

production standards :

Meaning : Established criteria or benchmarks for quality, efficiency, or performance in manufacturing.
Example : Adhering to production standards is essential for consistency.
En français : Normes de production.

production statement :

Meaning : A report or document summarizing the key details and outcomes of a production run.
Example : The production statement indicates the quantity produced and any issues encountered.
En français : État de production.

production time :

Meaning : The total duration required to complete a manufacturing process.
Example : Reducing production time can lead to faster order fulfillment.
En français : Temps de production.

production volume ratio :

Meaning : The proportion of products or goods produced in relation to the total capacity.
Example : The production volume ratio increased due to higher demand.
En français : Ratio du volume de production.

production worker :

Meaning : An employee involved in the manufacturing or assembly of products.
Example : Production workers are trained to operate machinery efficiently.
En français : Ouvrier de production.

productive :

Meaning : Characterized by efficiency and the ability to produce desired results.
Example : A productive workforce is essential for business success.
En français : Productif.

productive capacity :

Meaning : The maximum level of output that can be achieved by a system, process, or facility.
Example : We are expanding our productive capacity to meet growing demand.
En français : Capacité productive.

productivity :

Meaning : The measure of efficiency in converting inputs into outputs.
Example : Continuous improvement efforts aim to increase productivity.
En français : Productivité.

productivity analysis :

Meaning : The examination and assessment of factors influencing the efficiency and output of a production process.
Example : Productivity analysis helps identify areas for improvement in our operations.
En français : Analyse de la productivité.

productivity improvement :

Meaning : Efforts and strategies aimed at increasing the efficiency and output of production processes.
Example : Implementing automation led to significant productivity improvement.
En français : Amélioration de la productivité.

productivity rate :

Meaning : A measure of how efficiently resources are used to produce goods or services.
Example : The productivity rate has been steadily increasing over the past year.
En français : Taux de productivité.

productivity standards :

Meaning : Established benchmarks or targets for the level of output expected from a production process.
Example : Meeting productivity standards is essential for achieving goals.
En français : Normes de productivité.

profit margin :

Meaning : The difference between revenue and the cost of goods sold, expressed as a percentage.
Example : Increasing sales and reducing costs can lead to a higher profit margin.
En français : Marge bénéficiaire.

prototype :

Meaning : A preliminary model or sample of a product used for testing and development.
Example : We created a prototype to evaluate the new design concept.
En français : Prototype.

quality assurance :

Meaning : A system or process designed to ensure that products meet specified quality standards.
Example : Our quality assurance team conducts rigorous inspections.
En français : Assurance qualité.

quality control :

Meaning : The process of monitoring and inspecting products to ensure they meet quality standards.
Example : Quality control checks are performed at each stage of production.
En français : Contrôle de qualité.

quality control inspector :

Meaning : An individual responsible for inspecting products to ensure they meet quality standards.
Example : The quality control inspector detected a minor defect in the product.
En français : Inspecteur du contrôle de qualité.

quality management :

Meaning : The systematic approach to ensuring product quality throughout all stages of production.
Example : Quality management is integral to our manufacturing processes.
En français : Gestion de la qualité.

quality standards :

Meaning : Defined criteria or specifications that products must meet to be considered of high quality.
Example : Our products adhere to strict quality standards.
En français : Normes de qualité.

raw materials :

Meaning : Basic materials or substances used in manufacturing before being processed into finished products.
Example : Sourcing high-quality raw materials is crucial for product quality.
En français : Matières premières.

reduced-scale production :

Meaning : Manufacturing on a smaller scale, often for testing or limited production runs.
Example : We conducted reduced-scale production to validate the new process.
En français : Production à petite échelle.

redundant equipment :

Meaning : Backup or spare machinery or tools that can be used in case of equipment failure.
Example : Redundant equipment is essential to minimize downtime.
En français : Équipement redondant.

reject rate :

Meaning : The percentage of products or items that do not meet quality standards and are rejected.
Example : We aim to reduce the reject rate through process improvements.
En français : Taux de rejet.

remanufacturing :

Meaning : The process of refurbishing used or returned products to a like-new condition.
Example : Remanufacturing extends the lifecycle of products and reduces waste.
En français : Remise à neuf.

repetitive manufacturing :

Meaning : A production process characterized by the repetition of similar tasks to create multiple products.
Example : Repetitive manufacturing is common in industries with high-volume production.
En français : Fabrication répétitive.

resource allocation :

Meaning : The process of assigning and distributing resources, such as labor and materials, for production.
Example : Effective resource allocation is essential for meeting production goals.
En français : Allocation des ressources.

robotics :

Meaning : The use of robots or automated systems to perform tasks in manufacturing and other industries.
Example : Robotics has revolutionized efficiency in modern factories.
En français : Robotique.

safety regulations :

Meaning : Rules and standards aimed at ensuring a safe working environment for employees.
Example : Adhering to safety regulations is a top priority in our manufacturing facility.
En français : Réglementation en matière de sécurité.

scale model :

Meaning : A smaller replica or representation of a larger object or structure, often used for planning and design.
Example : The scale model helped visualize the final product before production.
En français : Maquette à l’échelle.

second shift :

Meaning : The additional work shift beyond the regular day shift, often in the evening or at night.
Example : We implemented a second shift to increase production capacity.
En français : Deuxième équipe.

semi-finished product :

Meaning : A product that has undergone some processing but is not yet in its final form.
Example : Semi-finished products are used as inputs in further manufacturing.
En français : Produit semi-fini.

set up a machine :

Meaning : To prepare and configure a machine for a specific production task.
Example : The operator will set up the machine for the next batch of products.
En français : Installer une machine.

shipment :

Meaning : The process of transporting and delivering goods or products to customers.
Example : The shipment of the new product line is scheduled for next week.
En français : Expédition.

shipping department :

Meaning : A department within a company responsible for preparing and arranging shipments to customers.
Example : The shipping department ensures orders reach customers on time.
En français : Service d’expédition.

shop floor :

Meaning : The area of a factory or manufacturing facility where production and assembly take place.
Example : The shop floor is where most of the manufacturing activity happens.
En français : Atelier de production.

single-shift operation :

Meaning : A manufacturing schedule where production occurs during a single work shift.
Example : The factory operates on a single-shift basis, which limits production capacity.
En français : Fonctionnement sur un seul quart de travail.

sourcing :

Meaning : The process of finding and procuring raw materials, components, or products from suppliers.
Example : Effective sourcing can lead to cost savings in manufacturing.
En français : Approvisionnement.

specifications :

Meaning : Detailed requirements and criteria that a product must meet, often outlined in documents.
Example : The specifications for this project are outlined in the engineering drawings.
En français : Spécifications.

standard operating procedure (SOP) :

Meaning : A documented set of step-by-step instructions for performing routine tasks or processes.
Example : All employees must follow the standard operating procedure for safety.
En français : Procédure opératoire standard.

stockroom :

Meaning : A storage area or room where materials and inventory are kept for production.
Example : The stockroom is well-organized for easy access to parts.
En français : Zone de stockage.

supplier :

Meaning : A company or individual that provides materials, components, or services to another company.
Example : Our supplier delivers high-quality steel for our production needs.
En français : Fournisseur.

supply chain :

Meaning : The network of organizations, resources, and activities involved in producing and delivering products to customers.
Example : An efficient supply chain is essential for timely deliveries.
En français : Chaîne d’approvisionnement.

surface finish :

Meaning : The texture or smoothness of a material’s surface, often a consideration in product quality.
Example : Achieving a smooth surface finish is crucial for this application.
En français : Finition de surface.

system integration :

Meaning : The process of combining different systems, technologies, or components to work together effectively.
Example : System integration is needed to automate various production processes.
En français : Intégration de systèmes.

tariff :

Meaning : A tax or duty imposed on imported or exported goods.
Example : Changes in tariffs can impact the cost of materials for manufacturers.
En français : Droit de douane.

test run :

Meaning : A trial or practice production run to check the functionality and performance of equipment or processes.
Example : We conducted a test run to ensure the new machine operates smoothly.
En français : Essai de production.

total productive maintenance (TPM) :

Meaning : A systematic approach to equipment maintenance aimed at minimizing downtime and maximizing efficiency.
Example : Implementing TPM has reduced equipment breakdowns in our facility.
En français : Maintenance productive totale.

traceability :

Meaning : The ability to track and trace the history, origin, and movement of products or materials.
Example : Traceability is crucial for ensuring product quality and safety.
En français : Traçabilité.

turnkey solution :

Meaning : A complete and ready-to-use solution or system provided by a supplier or contractor.
Example : We opted for a turnkey solution for our production line.
En français : Solution clé en main.

unskilled labor :

Meaning : Workers who do not require specialized training or skills to perform basic tasks.
Example : Unskilled labor is often used for routine assembly work.
En français : Main-d’œuvre non qualifiée.

vendor :

Meaning : A supplier or seller of goods or services, often used in a business context.
Example : We have multiple vendors for sourcing electronic components.
En français : Fournisseur.

waste management :

Meaning : The process of efficiently handling and disposing of waste materials generated during production.
Example : Effective waste management practices reduce environmental impact.
En français : Gestion des déchets.

work in progress (WIP) :

Meaning : Partially completed products or assemblies that are in the process of being manufactured.
Example : The work in progress will be completed by the end of the week.
En français : Travail en cours.

work order :

Meaning : A document or directive that specifies the tasks, materials, and instructions for a particular job or production process.
Example : The work order outlines the steps to assemble the product.
En français : Ordre de travail.

workforce :

Meaning : The collective term for all the employees and workers in an organization.
Example : Our highly skilled workforce is the backbone of our company.
En français : Main-d’œuvre.

yield :

Meaning : The amount of usable or acceptable products or components produced in a manufacturing process.
Example : Improving yield rates is a key goal for quality control.
En français : Rendement.

zero defects :

Meaning : A quality management approach that aims for error-free production with no defects.
Example : Our goal is to achieve zero defects in our manufacturing processes.
En français : Zéro défaut.

zero-defect purchase :

Meaning : A purchase order or procurement process that emphasizes receiving defect-free products from suppliers.
Example : We have implemented a zero-defect purchase policy to ensure product quality.
En français : Achat sans défaut.


Les 210 mots présentés dans cet article seront une excellente base pour comprendre les termes les plus courants pour exceller au TOEIC.

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